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Vajiram And Ravi Current Affairs Feb 2017 Download

Vajiram And Ravi Current Affairs Feb 2017 Download

Content :

1.  SOCIAL ISSUES

1.1.      Mahila Shakti Kendra Will Be Set-Up At Village Level

·    In the Union Budget 2017-18, the government has announced a new plan of setting up Mahila Shakti Kendras – or women’s empowerment centres – at the village level in 14 lakh Anganwadis under the Integrated Child Development Scheme.

·    The  Mahila  Shakti  Kendras  will  provide  “one  stop  convergent  support  services  for empowering  rural  women  with  opportunities  for  skill  development,  employment,  digital literacy, health and nutrition”.

·    While details about the scheme and its implementation are yet to emerge, those working in the field of rural women’s empowerment raised some preliminary concerns.

Concerns Raised By Activists

·    Only 500 crore has been allocated to the 14-lakh Anganwadis in the country, which would amount  to a meagre Rs 3,571 for each Mahila Shakti Kendra. It is a very less amount compared to the tasks assigned to these centres.

·    Activists are also concerned about the government’s proposal to attach the Mahila Shakti Kendras to Anganwadis in the first place. According to them, it will lead to undermining of ICDS.

·    Anganwadi  workers  are  overburdened  with  duties  beyond  their  primary  jobs,  such  as working  for the census and other government schemes. Often, they are paid less than minimum wage. Using ICDS to implement a new scheme will affect their efficiency further.

1.2.      National Deworming Day

·    The National Deworming Day (NDD) is observed on February 10 by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

·    During NDD single dose of Albendazole is administered to children from under 1 to 19 years of age group through the platforms of schools and anganwadi centers.

·    This year, for the first time, the Ministry has decided to give the deworming tablets to the private schools children also.

·    The government of India had launched the initiative in 2015, making it one of the largest single-day public health initiatives in India.

Necessity Of Deworming Programme In India

·    India carries the highest burden of worm infestation and 64 % of Indian population less than 14 years of age is at risk of Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH) or worms’ infestation.

·    Soil Transmitted Helminths (STH) interferes with nutrients uptake in children; can lead to anaemia, malnourishment, and impaired mental and physical development.

·    According to a study, the infected children cannot concentrate on their studies and they find very hard to put up their daily activities.

·    In this context, National Deworming Day is a commendable step that will go a long way in ensuring healthy India. On India’s glorious record sheet of eradicating Polio, Guinea worm, Small pox, Maternal and neonatal tetanus, this may become yet another entry.

·    However, we must remember that the cycle of parasitic infections cannot be broken with drugs alone. Proper hand washing and sanitation play an important role in preventing such diseases.

Soil-Transmitted Helminths (STHs):

·    According  to  WHO,  STH  or  parasitic  worms  are  among  the  most  common infections worldwide.

·    It lives in human intestines and consume nutrients meant for the human body.

·    They produce thousands of eggs each day, which are passed in faeces and spread to others in areas used for public toilet.

1.3.      Measles-Rubella Vaccination Campaign Launched

·    Adding a new vaccine to its flagship Universal Immunization Programme, the Union health ministry launched measles rubella (MR) vaccination campaign in the country.

·    The single vaccine will replace the currently given two doses of measles vaccine at 9-12 months and 16-24 months of age.

·    The new single shot vaccine will be given to all children aged between 9 months and less than 15 years irrespective of their previous measles or rubella vaccination status or measles or rubella disease status.

Need For This Campaign

·    Measles is a contagious respiratory disease that causes a rash and fever, and may cause death among vulnerable people like malnourished children.

·    Rubella, also a contagious disease, does not have any major symptoms in children or adults, but if contracted by women during early pregnancy can cause babies to be born with serious congenital defects in a condition called Congenital Rubella Syndrome (CRS).

·    Measles affects an estimated 2.5 million children every year, killing nearly 49 000 of them.

·    On the other hand, CRS causes birth defects such as irreversible deafness and blindness in nearly 40 000 children every year.

Universal Immunization Programme

·    The UIP provide free of cost vaccines to all children across the country to protect them against 11 life threatening diseases.

·    It covers 11 diseases - Tuberculosis, Pertussis, Diphtheria, Tetanus, Hepatitis B, Polio,  Pneumonia and Meningitis due to HaemophilusInfluenzae type b (Hib), Measles, Rubella, Rotavirus diarrhoea and Japanese Encephalitis (JE). (Rubella,

JE and Rotavirus vaccine are given in select states and districts).

1.4.      Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan (PMGDISHA)

·    The Union Cabinet has approved ‘Pradhan Mantri Gramin Digital Saksharta Abhiyan’ to make 6 crore rural households digitally literate by March 2019.

·    It is expected to be one of the largest digital literacy programmes in the world.

·    The main  objective of  the scheme  is  to  promote  cashless transactions through mobile phones.

·    The project curriculum would place emphasis on Digital Wallets, Mobile Banking, Unified Payments Interface (UPI), Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) and Aadhaar Enabled Payment System (AEPS).

Features

·    According to the scheme, about 25 lakh candidates will be trained in the Financial Year 2016-17, progressively increasing over the years to 300 lakh candidates in the 2018-19.

·    To ensure proportionate geographical reach, an average of 200-300 candidates would be registered from each 250,000 Gram Panchayats.

Test Your Self :
 

 

1.  TEST YOURSELF

1.  Which  of the following   National Parks is unique in being a swamp with floating vegetation that supports a rich biodiversity?

a)  Bhitarkanika National Park b)   KeibulLamjao National Park

c)  Keoladeo Ghana National Park d)   Sultanpur National Park

2.  INS Sarvekshak is a

a)   survey vessel                              b)  nuclear submarine

c)  torpedo launch recovery vehicle  d)   stealth frigate

3.  Which of the statements are correct about the settlements related to the Israel-Palestine conflict?

1.      The term “Settlements” usually refers to  the  towns  and villages  that  Jews have established in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip.

2.      The  settlements  are established since Israel captured the area in the Six-Day War of 1967.

a)  Only 1

b)  Only 2

c)  Both 1 and 2

d)  Neither 1 nor 2

4.      Which of the statements are correct regarding Resolute Support Mission?

1.      Resolute  Support was launched on 1 January 2015 to provide training, advice and assistance  for the Afghan security forces and institutions.

2.      The  United  States  and  NATO formally ended their combat role in  Afghanistan  and  transitioned to the Resolute Support Mission.

a)  Only 1 b)  Only 2

c)  Neither 1 nor 2 d)   Both 1 and 2

5.      Which    of  the    statements    are correct  regarding Moscow conference ?

1.      The  Moscow  conference  has been  organised  in  Russia  in which six nations namely India, Russia, USA, China, Pakistan, and Afghanistan took part.

2.      The conference was about to ponder upon the crisis of instability  and  under- development in Afghanistan.

a)  Only 1 b)  Only 2

c)  Neither 1 nor 2 d)   Both 1 and 2

6.      Which    of   the    statements    are correct regarding Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty?

1.  An    MLAT    is    an    agreement between two or more countries for   gathering   and   exchanging information to enforce public or criminal laws.

2.  The Ministry of Finance  is the nodal Ministry and the Central authority  for seeking  and providing   mutual  legal

7.      Consider the following statement about the WTO pact ‘Trade Facilitation Agreement’(TFA). Which of the following is not correct

a)  WTO members concluded the negotiations regarding the TFA at the 2013 Bali Ministerial Conference

b)  The TFA entered into force on 22 February 2017 after two- thirds of the WTO membership completed their domestic ratification process.

c)  Technical assistance for trade facilitation is provided by the WTO, WTO members and other intergovernmental organizations, including the World Bank, the World Customs Organization and the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).

d)  The WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement Facility(TFAF) will deliver support to all its member countries in the proper implementation of TFA

8.      Consider the following statements about the National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority(NPPA).

1.  It has been given powers to implement and enforce the Drugs Price Control Order (DPCO), 2013

2.  The National List of Essential Medicines(NLEM) of India is a list of medicines, prepared by the NPPA, which are considered essential in India.

3.  It has power to control the prices of drugs that are not under the NLEM(i.e, non-essential drugs) under extraordinary circumstances in public interest. Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct.

a)   1 and 2 b)   2 and 3 c)   1 and 3 d)  1, 2 and 3

9.      Consider the following statements about the Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna(PMFBY).

1.  It will replace the existing two crop insurance schemes National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and Modified NAIS.

2.  Apart from yield loss, the scheme will cover post-harvest losses also.

3.  The scheme proposes mandatory use of remote sensing, smart phones and drones for quick estimation of crop loss.

Select the correct codes

a)   1 and 2

b)  2 and 3

c)  1 and 3

d)  1, 2 and 3   

Feature Article:

Drought: Concerns And Management

BACKGROUND
 
Drought is a natural hazard that differs from other hazards since it has a slow onset, evolves over months or even years, affects a large spatial extent, and cause little structural damage. Its onset and end and severity are often difficult to determine. Like other hazards, the impacts of drought span economic, environmental and social sectors and can be reduced through mitigation and preparedness. Because droughts are a normal part of climate variability for virtually all regions, it is important to develop plans to deal with these extended periods of water shortage in a timely, systematic manner as they evolve. Experience has shown that the democratic from of governance has handled droughts more efficiently than others, as demonstrated by the situation in India before and after independence. Drought in India occurs in areas with high as well as regions with meagre rainfall. Water scarcity conditions in the Himalayan region are also not uncommon. Drought is no longer mere scarcity or the absence of rainfall, but related to inefficient water resourcemanagement. Requirement of over 80-90 % of the drinking water and over 50 % for irrigation is met from groundwater. The control of this resource iswith the owner of land. Water is being overexploited and not harvested.
 
FEW INCIDENTS OF DROUGHT IN INDIA
 
  • Analysis of incidence of droughts over the last two centuries in India does not show any increase in the incidence of droughts in recent years. However, their severity appears to have increased.
  • India in 2002 experienced its worst drought in 20 years.
  • However, the probability of drought in India varies from once in 2 years in Western Rajasthan to once in 15 years in Assam.
  • After two consecutive years of weak monsoons, a quarter of India's population, spread across 10 states, had been reeling from severe water shortage in 2016.
  • Drought conditions in Maharashtra were so severe that the government decided to run water trains to provide water to drought-hit regions, especially Marathwada.
  • Jaldoot, commissioned by the railway ministry in collaboration with the Maharashtra government, transported half a million litres of water on each of its trips from Miraj in Sangli district.
  • Maharashtra along with Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Odisha and West Bengal all declared a drought in 2015.

 

Click here to Download Feature Article Feb -2017

Courtesy: Vajiram And Ravi