Vajiram And Ravi Current Affairs March 2017 Download
Vajiram And Ravi Current Affairs March 2017 Download
1.1. New Executive Director For World Food Programme
United Nations chief Antonio Guterres has appointed former South Carolina Governor David Beasley to run the Rome-based World Food Programme (WFP).
About World Food Programme (WFP)
· As the international community has committed to end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition by 2030, one in nine people worldwide still do not have enough to eat.
· Food and food-related assistance lie at the heart of the struggle to break the cycle of hunger and poverty.
· The World Food Programme is the food-assistance branch of the United Nations and the world's largest humanitarian organization addressing hunger and promoting food security.
· It is assisting 80 million people in around 80 countries each year, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience.
· WFP’s efforts focus on emergency assistance, relief and rehabilitation, development aid and special operations.
· Two-thirds of its work is in conflict-affected countries where people are three times more likely to be undernourished than those living in countries without conflict.
· It also focuses on nutrition, especially for mothers and children, addressing malnutrition from the earliest stages through programmes targeting the first 1,000 days from conception to a child’s second birthday, and later through school meals.
· It was established in 1961 after the 1960 Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) Conference.
· Its headquarter is in Rome (Italy) and has more than 80 country offices around the world.
Food And Agriculture Organization (FAO)
· The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is an agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
· An intergovernmental organization, FAO has 194 Member Nations, two associate members and one member organization, the European Union.
· Headquartered in Rome, Italy, FAO is present in over 130 countries.
· The organization has three main goals:
- The eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition;
- The elimination of poverty and the driving forward of economic and social progress for all;
- The sustainable management and utilization of natural resources, including land, water, air, climate and genetic resources for the benefit of present and future generations.
1.2. Titu Mir Controversy
· Nearly 190 years after his death, Syed Mir Nisar Ali, or Titu Mir, a peasant leader, who led the Narkelberia Uprising in 1831 — often considered the first armed peasant uprising against the British — has made a controversial comeback inBengal’s politics through a chapter in a prescribed tenth grade history textbook.
· The current row has been sparked by the chapter in the textbook that claims Titu Mir “killed” many Hindus and destroyed several temples.
· The chapter, titled Wahhabi Movement in Bengal, states that the Wahhabis under “Titu’s leadership destroyed many Hindu temples and killed several priests.
· Some historians have challenged this assertion, while the Opposition described it as a “distortion of history.” Titu Mir:
· Syed Mir Nisar Ali Titumir (1782–1831) was an Islamic preacher who led a peasant uprsing against the zamindars and the British colonial authorities in Bengal, British India during the 19th century.
· He built a bamboo fort in Narkelberia Village, which passed into Bengali folk legend.
· He was a leader of the tariqah-i-muhammadiya in Bengal, and his movement initially aimed at socio-religious reforms, elimination of the practice of shirk (pantheism) and bidat (innovation) in the Muslim society and at inspiring the Muslims to follow Islamic principles in their day to day life.
· Celebrated in folklore as a peasant leader, Titu Mir remains a controversial political figure in Bengal for his religious identity as an Islamic preacher after he converted to Wahabism.
· Mahasweta Devi wrote a novella called Titu Mir. A play named Titumir-er Basher Kellahas been made for TV in Bangladesh.
1.3. National Conference On Down Syndrome
· National Conference on Down Syndrome”was inaugurated in New Delhi recently.
· The Conference was organized by The National Trust for the welfare of persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities under Ministry ofSocial Justice &Empowerment in collaboration with Muskaan, a registered organisation of the National Trust.
· The conference called upon the people to provide all types of support and help to Persons with Down Syndrome. It stated that persons with Down Syndrome are working in various areas and there is a need to recognise their talent and create environment conducive for Persons with Down Syndrome.
· Down Syndrome is a chromosomal condition associated with intellectual and learning disabilities.
· Delayed development and behavioural problems are often reported in children with Down Syndrome.
· Persons with Down Syndrome have 47 chromosomes as compared to 46 in majority of people. This one Extra chromosome causes its own impact and slows down learning process.
· It impacts neurological functioning causing impairment of intellectual functions e.g. analytical thinking, complex abstractions and judgement etc.
· Good schooling, loving family, learning and work opportunities make them grow up to be responsible, loving and cheerful persons.
· Their emotions and needs are like any other person of the same age. Accepting and respecting family/community is a big support to their growth and development.
· Fewer than 1 million cases per year are said to suffer with this syndrome in India.
- There have been periodic warnings in the last two centuries that automationand new technology were going to wipe out large numbers of middle class jobs.
- The best-known early example is the Luddite movement of the early19th century, in which a group of English textile artisans protested the automationof textile production by seeking to destroy some of the machines.
- Automation increased during the latter half of 20th century, as computers were combined with machines to produce highly sophisticated robotic systems and other automated processes. The result has been increased productivity and lower human resource costs for manufacturers and the elimination of some categories of jobs for workers.
- In 21st century, with the development of Artificial intelligence and robotics along with software to handle big data the process of automation has hastened.
- According to Stephen Hawking,artificial intelligence and increasing automation is going to decimate middle class jobs, worsening inequality and risking significant political upheaval.
- According to him, while artificial intelligence will bring radical increases in efficiency in industry, for ordinary people this will translate into unemployment and uncertainty, as their human jobs are replaced by machines.
- For example, we expected waiters and waitresses to be non-automatable: what we saw as the requirement to make pleasant small talk with restaurant customers was beyond what we could see a robot server providing. Nonetheless, new algorithms gave waiters and waitresses a (high) probability of computerisation of 94%. Since then, of course, US restaurant chains likeChili’s have introduced Ziosk tablets to their tables, which are able to take orders, recommend specials and take payment more efficiently than a human server.
- When AlphaGo, a program developed by Google's DeepMind unit, has defeated legendary Go player Lee Se-dol, the automation has announced its arrival in the arena of sports.
Courtesy: Vajiram And Ravi